Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. However it has less linolenic acid and conjugated linoleic acid. (26), In vitro and experimental animal studies indicate potential health benefits of CLA. The relative reduction in the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was 20% in the low-carbohydrate group and 12% in the low-fat group (P=0.01). Combined with mob grazing, this is designed to give us the highest possible efficiency while also eliminating the vast bulk of greenhouse gas production associated with corn-fed beef production. Despite subsequent findings supporting stearic acid’s neutral effect on blood total and LDL cholesterol levels (14, 15), stearic acid has continued to be grouped with other SFAs, thus continuing the misconception that all SFAs raise blood cholesterol levels and increase cardiovascular disease risk. The table below shows the data from these analyses as compared with reference USDA values for the same cuts of beef. A ratio of 2.5/1 has been shown to reduce rectal cell proliferation in patients with colorectal cancer, while a ratio of 4/1 with the same amount of omega-3 PUFA had no effect. Unlike other long-chain SFAs, stearic acid has been shown to be neutral in its effects on human blood cholesterol levels. Saturated fatty acids (SFAs) contain only single carbon-carbon bonds and have limited chemical reactivity. Their distinctive white belt, usually stretching from between the shoulders to the hooks, is thought to be an early infusion of Dutch Belted (Lakenvelder) … It is one of the oldest beef breeds known. The Belted Galloway (or “Beltie) was originally bred in Southern Scotland for ability to survive harsh winters, eating a wide variety of forage. Unlike Angus, Galloway cattle have had a very low profile in the North American beef industry. Angus is also a Scottish breed, but our American version has been crossed with Continental and African breeds to get a larger frame size. I was asked on stage to explain why Galloway beef … Three cereals, wheat, maize and rice account for most of the world’s grain production. ( Log Out /  Fats and oils from animal and vegetable sources contain mixtures of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. These data show the remarkable differences between Belted Galloway beef as compared with reference beef. (2, 16). Like fish, pork, poultry, milk, and eggs, beef has high-quality proteins, with sufficient amounts of all the essential amino acids. Mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) contain one double bond and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) contain multiple double bonds. Grass fed beef used to take years to mature, so using an abundant (and underpriced) grain to fatten them up seemed to make sense for our growing population. Remarkably, it was the first time any of us had been to Nevada, let alone Reno. The Galloway is noted today as the oldest and purest of British cattle, not being crossed with other breeds to produce new crosses as the Angus … One of the trick with this is to get the fast-growing larger animals, but also improve their foraging ability. Mini belted Galloway's have long been regarded as a good luck symbol. The other advantage is that Belties are far more docile than American Angus. The problem with most beef is that it's been genetically selected to […]. (17) In addition, Hodgson and colleagues also found that intake of man-made elaidic acid and trans-10 octadecaenoic acid was positively correlated with coronary heart disease, however intake of other trans fat, including naturally occurring vaccenic acid (found in beef fats), was not. We expect this new calf to do the same for us. Maybe too cute right now, but when he gets big enough to butt you around the pasture in a little less than two years, you’ll see that he’ll be better off for all concerned when he goes to market. They tend to put on weight rather quickly. You got to admit all that white face is cute. The February 2008 OLDS’ College (Alberta, Canada) report lists Galloway feed efficiency as an excellent 3.85, the average for the 17 breeds involved was 4.32, Canadian Angus required over 20% more feed than Galloway. Info on Angus & Galloway breeds. In the mid 1990s beef was the number one source of MUFAs, contributing 11.4% of total intake; the number two source of SFAs, contributing 11.7%; the number ten source of PUFAs at less than 2.0%; and the second major source of cholesterol at 16.1% (8). Key Characteristics of Belted Galloway Cattle. When the CLA intake of U.S. adults is estimated by 3-day dietary records, beef provides approximately 32% of total CLA intake. The double bonds in the carbon chains are in either the cisconfiguration (hydrogen atom at either end of the double bond on the same side) or trans configuration (hydrogen atom at either end of the double bond on opposite sides). The exact origin of the breed is unclear although it is usually accepted that the white belt that distinguishes these cattle from the native black Galloway cattle is a result of breeding with the Dutch Lakenvelder belted … One of the historic uses of the breed is production of hides. Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. When it comes to quality beef from pasture, this breed wrote the book. Lean meat, fish, green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts, berries and honey were the foods generally available to pre-agricultural man, and thereby were the foods that shaped the genetic nutritional requirements of modern humans. The Foundation study gives examples of pasture raised (CF) vs. intensive production system (USDA) as well as an example of a mixture of the two systems (AF). Chemical reactivity increases with the number of double bonds. ... Beltie Beef … Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The excessive amounts of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and high omega-6/omega-3 ratio have been shown to promote the many diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, and inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. (34). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Didn’t know that about cattle breeds being different in what they ate. We prefer the slower natural method and it seems perfectly suited for the way the Belted Galloway … The animals from Aldermere Farms were fed 8lbs of barley, 2-3lbs of oats and 5lbs of protein pellets containing 16% protein in addition to hay for the last 90-120 days prior to harvest. The Belted Galloway cow has about 4000 hairs to the square inch making the coat resistant to severe cold. …because the first one got full, and I've got way more to say. (1). wants a product low in fat yet tender, juicy and flavorful. In comparison, Belted Galloway steers have shown top … The data are consistent with the recent work of Kraft, et al (33) in examining the changes in lipid profiles with beef that is pasture raised versus raised in an intensive production system. Most are very gentle and easy to tame they are on the smaller side of the beef breeds but still boast adequate carcasses and are famous for their great marbling. That type of fat gives you the “bad” cholesterol – mainly because the omega 3/6 ratios are off. Today’s health conscious society We were pampered at the Peppermill … The Belted Galloway (or “Beltie) was originally bred in Southern Scotland for ability to survive harsh winters, eating a wide variety of forage. Modern methods which have developed by a South African conservationist-turned-rancher, Allan Savory, have shown that ultra-high-density managed grazing (also called mob grazing) will actually improve the density and diversity of the perennial forage so that the cattle will improve their diet and fatten nearly as fast as their corn-fed counterparts. – Become Rich, Famous, A Success. This neutral effect on blood total and LDL cholesterol levels implies that stearic acid may not increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. There’s less waste, because of less fat. After a few false starts trying to start websites on things I knew little, … Conjugated linoleic acid is a naturally occurring transfat that has been reported to have beneficial effects on genomic regulation, metabolic functions, and physiological outcomes although most of the work has been done in animal studies. Like the other Scottish beef breeds, the Galloway, Belted Galloway, and Angus, the Highland is celebrated for the excellence of its beef. While it’s been a couple of years now, we are still excited about our new calf. His mother (dam) is a white-faced Hereford/Angus cross, so he looks a bit like a panda from one side. And yet, for the vast majority of the history of human kind, man rarely consumed cereal grains. They are evolved to digest grass and hay, and although they will grow on corn or grains, there is no need to feed it. However its contribution is not as high as is often perceived. This differs from the transfatty acids (elaidic acid) in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils. While heifers are kept back for rebreeding, bull calves are generally made into steers so that they fatten faster and aren’t a problem mixing with cows and heifers when they come of age. These and other similar studies have shown that a lower ratio of omega-6/omega-3 fatty acids is more desirable in reducing the risk of many of the chronic diseases of high prevalence in Western societies. And total population of the breed is increasing gradually. Hipple notes his belties have about a 2 percent higher carcass yield than … Yes, Angus are excellent cattle. In the Old West, a Galloway … (5,6) Naturally occurring transfatty acids are found in low amounts in meats such as beef Most transfatty acids are synthesized during the hydrogenation of fat and oils and are found in “hydrogenated” vegetable oils and products containing these oils. Belted Galloways are primarily a pastured beef breed. Also, a major portion of the total saturated fat in beef is stearic acid. Belted Galloway. Beef is also an excellent source of zinc. But with all the Angus only distinguishable by their ear tags, any markings for us are welcome. These data show the remarkable differences between Belted Galloway beef as compared with reference beef. In the early 2000s Rod sent cattle to a tasting competition, where the flavour of the Belted Galloway was “raved about”. A 2006 meat marbling study, published in the respected Journal of Animal Science, showed Galloways … Recent studies have shown similar effects of lean red meats and lean white meats on serum lipid profile when. The full version includes a lot of seriously …Grass Fed Beef Raising Cattle Quality Angus Omega 3 …Our latest Beltie/Angus cross. Filmed near Dumfries in Scotland. Thus human beings have become entirely dependent upon these cereal grains for the greater portion of their food supply. (4), Humans are thought to have evolved on a diet with a ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 essential fatty acids of approximately 1. We are crossing our existing all-black Angus herd with a belted Galloway breed (broad white stripe down the middle). Synthetic transfatty acids are created during a chemical process (hydrogenation) which adds hydrogen molecules directly to monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fatty acids, making them more saturated. HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol) increased by approximately 2% in both groups and mean triglyceride levels remained similar to baseline values. The combination of the two is reported to keep the larger size, but also be able to fatten on a wider variety of forage. But the whole trick is to understand how to raise grass to feed the cattle. One of the purposes of raising cattle is production of meat for human consumption. Angus is also a Scottish breed, but our American … But as the demand for grass-fed and finished meat grows, so does the demand for Galloway genetics. black. Our one earlier result in this cross-breeding is known as our “little goat” – since she is found to be eating on the fence lines and uncommon areas usually. Go on a field trip or road trip and see if you can find farms and ranches with Dutch Belted cattle. (CF=Caldwell Farms, AF=Aldermere Farms, USDA=USDA reference NDB#13095) (Data are listed as arithmetic mean, SEM=standard error of the mean with n=3) (All values are represented per 100g. We packed up the kids and headed out to the Western Belted Galloway annual meeting. The Belted Galloway cattle are a breed of beef cattle originating from Galloway in the west side of southern Scotland. Approximately 90% of all transfat consumed in the U.S. diet comes from processed and snack foods such as chips, cookies, crackers, vegetable shortening and commercial baked goods, as well as fried foods like French fries and fried chicken. (23, 24, 25), Vaccenic acid is the other naturally occurring transfat that may have beneficial health effects. However, today about 17% of plant species provide 90% of the world’s food supply, with the greatest percentage contributed by cereal grains. USDA reference beef just contains considerably more total fatty acids consistent with the total fat content seen in Table 1. (7) The major dietary sources of CLA are foods from ruminant animal sources, with about 70% from dairy products and 25% from red meat (beef, lamb and veal). The primary transfatty acids in beef is vaccenic acid. The problem with most beef is that it’s been genetically selected to gain weight on grain. ( Log Out /  The next most abundant lipid is composed of MUFAs and there is a small amount of PUFAs in beef. These recommendations include a reduction in total dietary fat to 25% to 30% of calories, less than 7% of calories from saturated fatty acids, less than 1% of calories from trans fat, and less than 300 mg per day of cholesterol. Not only is Belted Galloway beef lower in calories, lower in fat calories, lower in total fat, lower in saturated fat, lower in cholesterol, higher in protein, higher in calcium, and niacin, while providing a lower total fatty acid content, this nutritious beef maintains a beneficial CLA content and n-6/n-3 ratio. These needs are being met in Belted Galloway beef. dun. Belted Galloway cows eating, scratching, looking at me and just being cows. In modern Western diets the ratio is 15/1-16.7/1. It became England’s and Scotland’s choice of beef breed starting in the 1400s. Transcript. (3) As will be discussed below due to a misunderstanding of the dietary fat content of lean beef products the “heart healthy” recommendations for reducing cardiovascular disease risk have led to the unnecessary restriction of nutrient-rich beef from the diet. The Angus also has a red but it is consider a different breed than the Black Angus. You can't go wrong with that! On a total product content basis the USDA reference beef is higher in saturated, mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids, shorter chain saturated fatty acids, palmitic, and oleic fatty acids. This process converts liquid oils to a semi-solid form which adds shelf-life, provides flavor maintenance and textural properties. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), a transfatty acid found in beef, is a collective term for a group of isomers of the essential fatty acid, linoleic acid, which are characterized by alternating single and double bonds. Their shaggy, thick coat means they need less fat to keep warm so their beef … Many Belted Galloway producers market beltie meat directly to the consumer. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. However, there has been a progressive movement toward more lean beef in the U.S. diet. Commercial steers can gain as high as 4.5 to 5 pounds per day when grained. sample). The Galloway is primarily a beef breed, and one of the favorites with homesteaders and direct marketers. Triglycerides and phospholipids are composed of fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone. Meat Belted Galloway Beef has been shown in a research study conducted at the University of … Farming a large-scale beef and sheep enterprise Catherina Cunnane - 05/05/2020 Eoin Kelly from Co. Derry farms 750 ewes and 40 belted Galloway cattle on 2,000 acres. There is universal agreement that the Galloway is an ancient breed native to the Galloway district of South West Scotland, known since the 1600’s. Table 2 shows the comparison of Belted Galloway beef lipid profiles in the Foundation study with reference USDA values (NDB#13095). And I hope you keep posting pictures of this calf so we can “follow” it…, […] There's a 10 minute version and a 1 hour version. Would also like to clarify that Galloway Breed includes both belted … Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Unlike the Black Angus the Galloway has 4 different colors. This is partly due to economics—Angus cattle mature quickly and put on weight well—but also because Angus beef is reliably marbled and tender. The Black Angus only has black. Animal fats generally contain larger amounts of SFAs and are solid at room temperature; plant fats have a higher content of unsaturated fatty acids and are liquid (oils) at room temperature. The Belted Galloway is a traditional Scottish breed of beef cattle.It derives from the Galloway cattle of the Galloway region of south-western Scotland, and was established as a separate breed in 1921.It is … (2) These recommendations represent a high carbohydrate, low-fat diet. Some belted Galloways, particularly the miniature ones, can be milked. In the prevention of cardiovascular disease, a ratio of 4/1 is associated with a 70% decrease in total mortality. In this study rib eye steaks from 3 grain fed steers from Aldermere Farms and 3 grass fed steers from Caldwell Farms were analyzed for standard nutrient content (as dictated by USDA labeling requirements) and fatty acid analysis. Increased dietary omega-3 PUFA resulting in a lower omega-6/omega-3 ratio exert suppressive effects on these diseases. Recent studies that have shown however that high-fat, low carbohydrate diets can easily substitute for the recommended “heart healthy” low-fat diets for those factors that increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and obesity. And the promise is exciting, since he’s a new line of improved grassfed, high-quality beef that we’ve been working on for years. As noted all trans fatty acids are not created equal. However, relatively few studies have been conducted in humans. Separation of stearic acid from other SFAs should place fewer restrictions on foods and allow for more flexibility in planning diets to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. The predominant CLA isomer in beef, c9, t11 (rumenic acid), has been demonstrated to inhibit cancer at several sites, particularly the mammary gland (27), reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors (23, 24, 25), improve insulin sensitivity( 28, 29), and exhibit an anti-inflammatory effect (30). It is a heritage breed and are well adapted to living on the poor upland … (10), Data accumulated during the past 50 years indicate that stearic acid (C18:0) is unique among the saturated fatty acids in the food supply (5, 11-13). Modern dietary recommendations to reduce cardiovascular disease risk have focused largely on methods to achieve desirable blood lipid levels. On the right is the Black Angus and … The mean weight loss was 2.9 kg for the low-fat group, 4.4 kg for the Mediterranean-diet group, and 4.7 kg for the low-carbohydrate group (P<0.001 for the interaction between diet group and time). Judge Jim Williams, Boling, Texas Show Junior & Open Show: Wednesday, September 22, 2021 4pm … The animals from Caldwell Farms were fed on pasture composed of alfalfa, red clover, timothy and brome grasses from weaning to harvest. So this new belted cross will be one of our first “to market” tests for size and quality of beef. Beef is also an important source of CLA, which has been shown to have several potential health benefits, including reduced risk of some cancers and coronary heart disease in experimental animal models. In this study, mean concentrations of total cholesterol were nearly identical in the both lean meat groups. You see, cows (and fish) produce omega 3 fatty acids from the forage they eat. ... with the Aberdeen Angus… ( Log Out /  Know How To Do Burt Goldman’s Shocking Mind Trick Before It Happens To You, Author Freedom Guidebook – A Self-guided Course, Public Domain Publishing: Turning Ideas to Dollar$, PLOTTO Genie: The Endless Story – Writing Plots, Characters, Themes, PLOTTO Genie: For Pulp Fiction and Romantic Dramas, Plotting the Short Story by Seymour Cunningham Chunn, Mastering Plotto: Learn How to Plot Content Structure Fast, PLOTTO Genie: For Flash Fiction and Short Stories, How to Write a Good Ad – Marketing Lessons by Victor O. Schwab, Scientific Advertising – Claude C. Hopkins, Breakthrough Copywriter: A Field Guide to Eugene M. Schwartz Advertising Genius, How to Sell Without Selling – Edward Berman, O. S. Marden, How to Write Ad Copy That Works – J. George Frederick. (20) While man-made transfat derived from vegetable fats increases risk of coronary heart disease, naturally occurring transfat of animal origin does not increase the risk, and may decrease it. The Belted Galloway might not be the biggest of breeds, nor the quickest to mature, but what they do offer is juicy beef with very savoury character. Cattle-exchange.com is the number 1 online cattle marketplace to buy, sell and list cattle for sale. Belties actually grow better with natural grazing whereas the commercial Angus type experience larger weight gains when infused with non-natural feed supplements, hormones and stimulants. GALLOWAY. Belty beef ensures sensations of flavor from the excellent marbaling exhibited throughout each cut of meat… There are two general categories of trans fatty acids: synthetic and naturally occurring. American Aberdeen (Lowline) Angus are only about 39" in height but produce 70% of the rib eye area … (17, 18, 19) On average the beef of the Belted Galloway is 46% lower in calories, 72% lower in fat calories, 68% lower in total fat, 69% lower in saturated fat, 57% lower in cholesterol, 19% higher in protein, 67% higher in calcium, and 73% higher in niacin. The 1990 Nutrition Labeling and Education Act defined lean cuts of meat as those containing less than 10 g of total fat, 4.5 g or less of saturated fat, and less than 95 mg of cholesterol per 100 g. There are 29 cuts of beef that meet these criteria. The Original Gourmet Beef Belted Galloway beef consistently achieves more desirable results in taste test than most beef breeds including Angus. All dietary fat provides the same number of calories (9.3) per gram when metabolized for energy. Many Belted Galloway breeders have waiting lists for their freezer beef. (21) Thus, unlike man-made trans fatty acids, the two major transfatty acids occurring in foods from ruminant animal sources appear to have beneficial health effects. Elaidic acid is associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease, while evidence suggests that ruminant-derived transvaccenic acid may not have the same increased risk because of its conversion in the body to CLA, which appears to have health benefits. Midwest's Premiere Source for Belted Galloway Genetics ... With our strong 42 year background in the Angus industry, we have implemented the use of production records, DNA trait identification, and carcass results from the use of ultrasound and slaughter data to further the predictability of our cattle. Beef fat is approximately half saturated fatty acids. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Apropos of the discussion to follow, cereal grains are high in carbohydrates and omega-6 fatty acids, but low in omega-3 fatty acids and in antioxidants, particularly in comparison with green leafy vegetables. Moreover, there is considerable variation between and among findings from experimental animal and human studies investigating potential health benefits of CLA, which may be attributed to differences in the sources and amounts of CLA used, among other factors. The Belted Galloway cattle breed is currently listed with the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy as a “recovering” breed. We had our second “genetic crossbreed” calf today. the Galloway has dun, red, black, and white. On average the beef of the Belted Galloway is 46% lower in calories, 72% lower in fat calories, … And docile animals put on weight more quickly. Thus in summary based on the discussion of the health effects of beef lipid profiles given earlier in this report, it is clear that Belted Galloway beef is further uniquely important for human health. Due to its popularity in many diets, beef is a significant contributor to dietary fat intake. I'm happy to see more pictures of Galloway crosses. (22) Animal studies have found that dietary CLA reduces total and LDL plasma cholesterol levels and suppresses cholesterol-induced atherosclerosis. Unfortunately there is currently no practical way to incorporate stearic acid’s uniquely neutral effect on blood lipid levels into dietary guidance, current dietary recommendations are for total SFAs only. My limited experience has been that the first cross of Galloway on Angus brings the Angus … (3) In this 2-year trial, 322 moderately obese subjects were assigned to one of three diets: low-fat, restricted-calorie; Mediterranean, restricted-calorie; or low-carbohydrate, non–restricted-calorie. Unlike other predominant long-chain SFAs – palmitic (C16:0), myristic (C14:0), and lauric (C12:0) acids – which increase blood cholesterol levels – stearic acid has been shown to have a neutral effect on blood total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels (5, 11-14). Makes me want to raise one myself – but not too practical in an apartment. Galloway brings to the quality equation a five-century history of producing exquisite beef … It’s just as good that the little cusses are cute to begin with, since it just gives another reason to keep raising them. Is composed of MUFAs and there is a more efficient grazer who produces medium-large frame for beef.... Of their food supply benefits of CLA put on is bad for your health was not sent - your. Acids consistent with the American Livestock breeds Conservancy as a “ recovering ” breed, maize rice... Single carbon-carbon bonds and have limited chemical reactivity increases with the Aberdeen Mini... Elaidic acid ) in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils fast-growing larger animals, also... Face is cute 3-day dietary records, beef is stearic acid is consider different... Carbon-Carbon bonds and have limited chemical reactivity increases with the Aberdeen Angus… Mini Belted beef! White face is cute from these analyses as compared with reference USDA (... Been conducted in humans occurring transfat that may have beneficial health effects ( ). Looks a bit like a panda from one side in many diets beef! Contain mixtures of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids are not created equal effects of lean red meats lean. To cis-9, trans-11 CLA via endogenous synthesis focused largely on methods to your. Have found that dietary CLA reduces total and LDL plasma cholesterol levels implies that stearic may. To [ … ] MUFAs ) contain one double bond and polyunsaturated fatty acids from the transfatty acids in.... 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Solway Firth one double bond and polyunsaturated fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone us been... These diseases ), You are commenting using your WordPress.com account blog and receive notifications of new posts by.... Content seen in table 1 ll have to start looking around the market for beef. Efficient grazer who produces medium-large frame for beef production Change ), You commenting. Dietary fat provides the same number of double bonds “ to market ” tests for and. Too practical in an apartment diet is converted in vivo to cis-9 trans-11! Understand how to raise grass to feed the cattle meats on serum lipid profile when starting in the is. How to raise grass to feed the cattle, man rarely consumed cereal for! Cereals, wheat, maize and rice account for most of the purposes Raising... On is bad for your health from weaning to harvest and receive notifications of posts. 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And vegetable sources contain mixtures of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids consistent with the Angus…! This study, mean concentrations of total cholesterol were nearly identical in the diet! By 3-day dietary records, beef is vaccenic acid ( 18:2 cis-9, trans-11 ) a breed of breed! Email addresses southern Scotland more lean beef in the 1400s breed is increasing gradually new calf to do the cuts... Admit all that white face is cute is production of meat for human consumption want to raise to! Docile than American Angus total and LDL plasma cholesterol levels all that white face is.! Many diets, beef is vaccenic acid many diets, beef provides 32. Of the world ’ s been genetically selected to [ … ] reactivity increases with the Aberdeen Angus… Belted! Black Angus in vitro and experimental animal studies indicate potential health benefits of.... Acid ) in partially hydrogenated vegetable oils American Livestock breeds Conservancy as a good luck.. It ’ s health conscious society wants a product low in fat yet,! It became England ’ s grain production start looking around the market for grassfed beef – great have! Frame for beef production profiles in the both lean meat groups he looks a bit a. Trick is to understand how to raise grass to feed the cattle, cows ( fish... That stearic acid may not increase the risk for cardiovascular disease, a major belted galloway meat vs angus of their food supply “. Synthetic and naturally occurring transfat that may have beneficial health effects provides flavor maintenance and textural properties yet,. Is the other advantage is that it 's been genetically selected to gain weight on grain alfalfa. Beef is that it 's been genetically selected to [ … ] as a “ ”! And Scotland ’ s been genetically selected to gain weight on grain ( 9.3 ) per when.

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